Brenda Peynado–Online Course Re/Structuring

Rapid Response Pedagogy ResourcesAs many universities are creating contingency plans in the face of COVID-19, Assay is collecting lesson plans and best practices to help our colleagues make the shift from face-to-face to online teaching as the need arises. While this compiling of resources is in response to COVID-19, there are many reasons why face-to-face classes might need to move online on short notice––hurricanes, tornadoes, flooding, etc. These resources might be more broadly useful in online teaching, but we are currently working to support our colleagues who might be working to rethink their pedagogy and methods on very short notice.


Here’s what my classes generally look like:

  • Workshop with some combination of video chat and critique letters.
  • Reading analyses that have them apply some craft reading to a story.
  • Exercises where they imitate or work on something from the craft reading.
  • Open discussion where they propose their own discussion topics.
  • A discussion with a question about some topic of the class. This last one is more fun or asks them to find their own work to reference so it doesn’t matter if they see others’ answers. Questions like: “this week we talked about unlikable characters. What are your favorite unlikable characters or villains, and why are they compelling?” I usually have at least one of each due each week, depending on the class.

Do not try to translate your workshops directly into video chat. Trying to video chat with more than a few people just doesn’t work well. Instead, think about ways to do intense things with just a few members of the class, but less intense things with the whole class asynchronously. You might consider video chatting with a small percentage of the class, and doing something with the video recording after.

For example, I record a Skype with the workshopped student for one of their stories, and we have a non-silent workshop discussion of their story, one on one. I always have a few brainstorming questions at the end of the recorded video, in which I ask the rest of the class to imagine solutions to story issues we talked about, usually with pointed questions. Instead of regular critique letters, students respond to my specific questions about the story after having watched the video.

I’ve also seen having a small group discussion with 2 or three students over video and rotating which of the students those are every week.

You can also have two students talk with each other about the story via video chat or regular chat, send that discussion to the class, and the class responds to the chat and the story together.

You can also just do critique letters instead of workshop, posted on a discussion board, and then I write my own letter or record a quick video having read all of those, summing the discussion up for the writer to help them make sense of the letters.

Instead of a workshop-only class, you can gear it more towards exercises and make it more of a generative class.

Know that any time you separate out students into groups, this will be a logistical headache. Small groups, there’s always the risk that one or more students won’t respond and then the other student won’t do the assignment. If you assign the groups yourself, you’ll have to manage this. If you have the students self-assign groups, that adds another deadline, more confusion. If you change the groups with every assignment or rotate, more confusion. Even if you have the students self-assign by responding to a student post to “claim” partnering or groups, the last person who responds may be stranded because the early people all responded to each other, or students won’t follow instructions and overfill or underfill groups. If you do use groups for anything, I recommend assigning them yourself and using that same grouping for everything you do. I also recommend having at least 3-4 people in each group, so that if anyone is delinquent, it doesn’t strand the other group member–the risk if you have only 2. The advantage to using groups is that online you don’t ever have to do anything with the whole class. The “whole class” is just another way of thinking of a large group. It’s all the same to the students whether they have 5 people in their group or 30 people in their group. And some students may benefit from having, say, a 5 person “class” with the intimacy and the attention that brings.

Instead of story discussions, I usually ask them to do an analysis as an assignment, with pointed questions for the prompt. You can do online discussions by having them respond to each other, but it won’t be very natural, and often they can “fake it” by reading everyone else’s responses. When I ask them to discuss and reply, I usually ask them to “answer a question, ask a question,” so that the replier has something specific to respond to.

Do not try to have a separate discussion for each Socratic question you might have asked in class. Instead, combine them into one main discussion or assignment in which you ask many questions, so they don’t have ten little assignments due.

If you think you’re missing open-ended discussion, you can have an open chat or discussion forum and ask students to propose their own question related to class and have the other students answer it. You have require engagement with it, though, or they tend not to respond to each other.

The simpler the instructions, the better. If anything is complicated, suddenly you’ll get twenty emails asking nitpicky questions about exactly what you meant by X.

Create a routine. Consistent due dates, have the same kinds of things due. The more scattered everything is, the more confusion. For example, Tuesdays I might have exercises due, then Thursdays I always do reading analyses. Whatever it is, try to make it consistent every week. Try to make the places on the site where students find things consistent as well.

Try to limit student interactions that require scheduling or passing things back and forth. Every contact with a student requires a different deadline, so if you have them schedule a day to talk, then talk, post their responses after the talk, and then reply to another student, that’s four different deadlines. If you only have twice weekly due dates, that’s two weeks for one thing. It might work if you have several assignments going and just a few big ones that you spread out over multiple weeks, but not for common weekly assignments.

Don’t rely on just one place where you put the instructions. No, they won’t read the syllabus. Yes, they will forget what you said at the beginning of the week. I have instructions at least 3 places: Once, as a heads up in the weekly overview, Once in a lecture where I explain it. And finally, in the assignment turn-in link itself, I re-link to the page where I explained it and explicitly ask them to check it again. For example, MLA format with double space, times new Roman, header, etc? I have a page explaining and then I relink to that page in every assignment that requires it. I also might generally reference in the syllabus, “Please use MLA formatting,” though I don’t fully explain until later in the class.

Try to link to repeat references rather than recopying. I often need to update my content or fix typos. If you’ve re-copied 7 different places, you have to change it 7 times and remember where those references are. If you link, you only have to change once.


Brenda Peynado’s short story collection, THE ROCK EATERS, is forthcoming from Penguin Press in early 2021. Her stories have won an O. Henry Prize, a Pushcart Prize, the Chicago Tribune’s Nelson Algren Award, inclusion in The Best American Science Fiction and Fantasy, a Dana Award, a Fulbright Grant to the Dominican Republic, and other awards. Her work appears in The Georgia Review, The Sun, The Southern Review, The Kenyon Review Online, The Threepenny Review, Tor.com, and other journals. She received her MFA at Florida State University and her PhD at the University of Cincinnati. She’s currently writing a novel about the 1965 civil war in the Dominican Republic and a girl who can tell all possible futures, and she teaches in the MFA program at the University of Central Florida.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s